The phototherapy Unit is used to reduce bilirubin in the blood. The device emit visibe light. Blue light is most effective. There are two types phototherapy lamps : Fluorescent tubes and tungsten-halogen spotlight. Irradiance level can be controlled by changing the distance between the infant and the light source. Some systems provide irradiance level controls to adjust the irradiance levels of the light sources.
One of the great advances in neonatology has been the invention of the incubator or incubator at the end of the nineteenth century. Before this machine came into being, cooling was one of the leading causes of death for premature babies. Simply surrounded by cotton and warmed by hot water bottles, babies born before the term were mostly convicted.
Infant incubator provide warmth to help an infant maintain a normal body temperature. Incubators warm the infant by a forced or natural flow of heated air. This apparatus consists of a closed and glazed enclosure, in which the atmosphere heated to a suitable temperature contains oxygen in a quantity greater than that of the ambient air. It has on the other hand, a slight ventilation. Handling of the baby is possible (feeding by the bottle when possible, caresses, hygiene.) Thanks to the presence of orifices provided with glove boxes, and allowing to penetrate the hands inside the cabin .