The phototherapy Unit is used to reduce bilirubin in the blood. The device emit visibe light. Blue light is most effective. There are two types phototherapy lamps : Fluorescent tubes and tungsten-halogen spotlight. Irradiance level can be controlled by changing the distance between the infant and the light source. Some systems provide irradiance level controls to adjust the irradiance levels of the light sources.
A Defibrillator (“Defi” for short) is a medical device that is able to stop life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias, such as ventricular fibrillation or ventricular flutter, by the targeted delivery of electric shocks. In addition to defibrillation there is the cardioversion, which works with lower energy levels and is used for example in the treatment of atrial fibrillation. An Automated External Defibrillator , AED for short , is a so-called lay defibrillator, It can also be used by people without medical education for life-saving defibrillation, such as cardiac arrest or cardiac arrest, heart attack or fibrillation. The special feature of an AED: It guides the user through the resuscitation process with the help of simple and easy-to-understand voice instructions and explains in detail how to attach the adhesive electrodes. Also the energy delivery regulate the AEDs automatically and without complicated attitude by the Ersthelfer. The cardiac rhythm is analyzed and the defibrillator’s electroshock is either performed automatically or the user is prompted to start the shock delivery manually on the device.
Sudden cardiac death and the benefits of nationwide AED care
Every year, thousand people suffer cardiac arrest outside a hospital. Only 10% of these patients survive, also because first aid measures are often not performed. In addition to cardiac massage, timely defibrillation to treat a cardiac arrest is of great importance. A recent study in the New England Journal of Medicine from DenmarkThe use of laminar defibrillators in patients with a cardiac arrest sustained outside a medical establishment correlates with a better outcome. Brain damage, long-term care and death decreased significantly. This disproves the frequently argued objection that the use of lay AEDs would increase the number of patients with irreversible brain damage. The provision of so-called “lay defis” in public spaces and better lay education in first aid measures can help save more patients with cardiovascular arrest suffered outside the hospital.
AEDs in public spaces
The automatic defibrillator (AED) is often found in public places and public buildings such as airports, train stations or public authorities. The long standby time achieved by long-life battery, the protection against falsely triggered defibrillation shocks and the sometimes automated check of the durability of the accessories, the Laidout provides a particularly high application security. The AEDs can also be used in pacemaker patients, as timely cardiovascular defibrillation takes precedence over any potential damage to the device.
Nebulizer is a medical device that turns liquid drugs into a fine particles that the patient inhales into his lungs through a face mask or mouthpiece. It is used for the treatment of respiratory diseases such as rhinitis, sinusitis, bronchiolitis, asthma or cystic fibrosis.
The electrical steam sterilizer is used to kill harmful germs for babies by steaming with hot steam. In the first year of life, babies are still very vulnerable to viruses, bacteria, and parasites. These can cause a mild infection of severe gastrointestinal infection.
There are numerous devices available on the market that make the sterilization of baby bottles and pacifiers or other items extremely easy. Previously, the bottles and pacifiers had to be laboriously boiled out, which was not exactly energy-saving and took a lot of time. The water on the stove was heated especially for this purpose. Although you could use a quick kettle today, that’s not really practical.
One of the great advances in neonatology has been the invention of the incubator or incubator at the end of the nineteenth century. Before this machine came into being, cooling was one of the leading causes of death for premature babies. Simply surrounded by cotton and warmed by hot water bottles, babies born before the term were mostly convicted.
Infant incubator provide warmth to help an infant maintain a normal body temperature. Incubators warm the infant by a forced or natural flow of heated air. This apparatus consists of a closed and glazed enclosure, in which the atmosphere heated to a suitable temperature contains oxygen in a quantity greater than that of the ambient air. It has on the other hand, a slight ventilation. Handling of the baby is possible (feeding by the bottle when possible, caresses, hygiene.) Thanks to the presence of orifices provided with glove boxes, and allowing to penetrate the hands inside the cabin .